Essay is a short article for presenting perspectives, researching, detecting on a topic that the writer is inspired, it has a length of 5 to 20 pages, despite writing about a problem, the task of an essay should raise the problem , analyse problems and present new findings that the writer detects, or comments, perspectives, conclusions of the written person.
A scientific essay can not be improvised in the interest of the writer, but according to standard standards of font size, distance between lines, alignment, typeface, title, presenting the Thanks , notes, citations, references…
I. THE REQUIREMENTS OF THE ESSAY
The essays were short but also subject to some mandatory structure to ensure scientific. To do good essay, it is necessary to understand the requirements of the essay, including: Request for content, request on form, ask about methods.
1. Content Requirements
Essay is an exercise of scientific research after completing a subject. The content of the essay must be relevant to the subject, contributing to the answer, expanding or enhancing the knowledge of a scientific subject matter. People do need to make their own studies, their own opinion about the scientific issue mentioned in the essay. Should not stop at the level of only aggregate documents and comments are available.
2. Form requirements
Essays should be drawn by computer, presented in the right way, including key points. This section has been specifically instructed by the teacher however in this section also notes the essay who a few following points:
+ Do not abuse the presentation features of the computer, should only present clear, bright. Essays should be written with simple, in-light writing, correct use of specialized terminology, in particular, do not get spelling and grammar mistakes. So, after finishing the content, before printing, it is necessary to thoroughly read and repair the spelling, grammar, sentence and how to present the printed page. In terms of form, essays include the following key ingredients:
+ Cover: The addition of essays is cover essays. The cover is made of hard paper, on the top of the school name and faculty, between the subject name of the topic in large text, the bottom right corner of the title of the instructor, the person who made the topic, Class and school year The cover page can be framed for beautiful.
+ Cover: is a snapshot of the cover, printed on normal paper
+ A Thank you (if needed)
+ Table of Contents
+ The main content: this is the presentation of the results of the essay. This section consists of several small pieces, detailed in the following section (see Section II. 3).
+ Reference List
+ Appendix (if needed)
3. Method requirements
Essay Writing is scientific research practice, essays can be considered a little scientific work. Therefore, it is necessary to clearly define the method of essay implementation including the methods of research of disciplines along with other supporting methods, in which the method of using the computer for text drafting.
II. STEPS TO MAKE A ESSAY
After determining the requirements of the essay, it is necessary to divide the implementation of the essay into smaller and simpler tasks, determine the order of execution of such tasks, the time required for each job. IE to define the steps to make an essay. The result of this is an approved essay-guided implementation plan.
This section presents the main steps for making an essay, including the steps:
+ Determination of topics
+ Gather information
+ Solve each item in the research content
+ Essay Completion
Of course, depending on the subject and topic, there may be additional steps.
1. Determining the subject
First to search and select the research topic. The subject can be created by the instructor, but also when the student seeks himself. The topic of the curriculum can be searched for or in practices related to industry or subject.
It is necessary to clearly identify the scope of research of the topic as the limit of the content, on the level of research, for some sectors must also be limited in terms of time, event space, conditions of implementation… Because of the term essay time, it is necessary to choose the right topics and have to make the appropriate limitations, do not choose the topics too hard, too wide.
When presenting with the instructor, it is necessary to clarify the topic content, the reasons for the choice of topics, methods of research topics, limit the scope of research and ultimately the name of the subject (the name is concise, precise with the content and limitations of the of the account).
2. Gather information
Having identified research topics of essays, it is necessary to gather information relating to research topics, such as:
Resources such as books, newspapers, magazines, scientific proceedings… are stored in libraries or on the Internet.
The results are from experiments, experiments, real estate, internship, investigation…
The result of the collection of information is a list of references, in which the documents are ordered by the author name or document name…
The outline is the frame of the essay. Outline is the main strokes of the method of solving the research issue yet. In this step, it is necessary to raise the essay content which will consist of many sections, chapters and sections; The layout, what are the key contents of each item. Of course this is just the projected, the latter may also change.
In general, the essay content consists of the following key sections:
The opening : In this section it is necessary to Clarify the content of research, reasons and purpose of study, research methods. ..
Content Section : This section covers many small parts: the actual situation and the parts of the solution. The real part of the situation must analyze the status, evaluate the situation and clearly state the advantages and disadvantages of the situation, while also drawing out the causes of those advantages and disadvantages… The solution section is written by the writer, mission, objectives,… In the coming time and propose solutions to promote the advantages and overcome the limitations… This is the primary content of the essay, subject to the subject’s expertise. Each fraction can consist of multiple sections, showing the process of solving the problem outlined in the subject, the results of the research, the findings, the evaluation… This section can be written repeatedly, corrected and supplemented throughout the course of research. This is the major part showing the effort and the level of study of the person who made the essay.
Conclusion: In this section it is necessary to summarize the problem of solving the results of research. Point out the scientific significance and practicalities of the results of research. Finally, raise the problems and develop the topic.
4. Resolving Research Content
This is the most successful step in the process of essay making. The person who made the essay should proceed:
+ Interview, document Lookup, synthesize and analyze data, think and make comments, reviews… For each item in the essay. Then write your research findings into the essay. You should first write in the form of drafts all the information, the results they have, the ideas that owes to the subject are also messy, uncertain. In the next steps will fix, sift, sort, complete again.
5. Essay Completion
After writing the most essay, it is necessary to re-read and complete the essay. The main part of this section is that the drafting of a computer essay will work very well. With computers, we can add, subtract, delete, correct essay text in a very free manner, can choose images, tables, diagrams, formulas… Very convenient.
In this step, it is necessary to:
+ Adjust the content and layout essays to suit the process and results of research, and make the parts interconnected in a coherental manner. Ignore the sections, the ideas are uncertain or too spreading.
+ Correcting spelling, sentences and comments so that the essay is presented accurately, understandable and in the light.
+ Edit content and form tables, expressions, images… Enter a reference catalogue.
+ Adjust formatting sections of essay text such as headings, captions, references… Create the necessary parts for essay writing such as: cover, table of contents.
It is the most essential requirement to have a general essay and intermediate political arguments – the administration is aimed at high efficiency.
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