In the IELTS writing section, candidates are required to write two articles in which the first one is a chart analysis and the second is a topic. The time required for these two articles is 60 minutes, of which 20 minutes are reserved for chart analysis and the remaining 40 minutes for topic writing. The following article will provide some useful tips to help you do the second article of the IELTS exam more effectively in 40 minutes.
Tips are encapsulated in the following formula: 5 – 30 – 5
What does this formula mean? It was the first 5 minutes to make the outline, the next 30 minutes to write the article and the last 5 minutes to check it again.
Many IELTS candidates have a habit of writing articles right after reading them and they often cannot control what they have written in the lesson. In addition, articles like this can lead to rambling writing and the result is time to finish all but the article has not been completed. To avoid these risks, you should set aside the first 5 minutes to make an outline. In this outline, you write down the main ideas you want to write for the opening, the body, and the conclusion. To save time, you should just line up the main ideas instead of writing down the sentence as some candidates still do. After setting up the outline, you should spend the next 30 minutes writing articles. In these 30 minutes, you should set aside the first 5 minutes to write the opening, 20 minutes for the body, and the last 5 minutes for the ending. Last but not least, you should re-read your article to check, detect and correct unnecessary grammatical, vocabulary and spelling errors.
For the lesson, you should read the lesson carefully to understand what the article is about (state your point of view, agree or disagree, state the cause and how to solve it) and state the direction. What is your article going. For example, if a question is asked if you agree with the idea given in the lesson, the last sentence of the opening section is often used to tell the reader whether you agree with the idea. In the making of outline, you should only brick 2 to 3 lines is much to avoid the long, rambling situation. Each line is a summary of each sentence you write in the opening section. The first bullet may be a summary of the introduction to the topic you will be writing. The second bullet may be a summary of the sentence that refers to the opinion given in the lesson or in other words, you rewrite the idea given by the title in your own words (in English call la paraphrase). The last line prefix is used to indicate your own point of view on the comments given in the topic. You should spend about 1 minute for the outline to be set up.
In the body of the lesson, you should spend about 3 minutes setting up the outline. Many contestants think of countless ideas and they write one after another. However, you should only write up to 2 to 3 comments for your body for two main reasons. The first is that you will control the time to write better articles instead of writing fast when there are too many ideas. Secondly, you will have more time to invest in the quality of your articles. The article does not mean much, but the quality of good articles is always higher than the article with a lot of comments, but it is a lot of mistakes and errors.
In your outline, only 2 to 3 bullet points are the ideas of the body. You should use 3 to 5 words in this bulleted section to summarize the main idea. Doing this will help you save time and more importantly the outline will be easier to see. If you use too many words to summarize the main idea, you will find it difficult to find the key word when you look back at your outline to write the body part. At every main idea in your outline, you need to write a summary of the ideas to explain, supplement or expand your main idea. If you don’t have this extra meaning, your article will not be convincing and logical.
While writing the body of the essay, each main idea will be written in each paragraph instead of many main ideas in the same paragraph. Writing like this will make your lesson easier to read and follow. In each paragraph, the first sentence is usually the main introductory sentence so that the reader will know immediately what you will write about and will feel your writing more coherent and smooth. From the second sentence onwards of the passage, you will raise the ideas (supporting ideas) to explain, giving specific examples to complement your main idea.
If you want your article to be highly logical, you should incorporate the use of linking words in the body of the article at the beginning of each paragraph and interleaving in the paragraphs such as:
Firstly, Secondly, Next, Finally
As can clearly be seen from this example, …
It is clear that …
On one hand, on the other hand
After analyzing both points of view, …
To provide a summary, to summarise, in conclusion …
In the conclusion, you only need to write 3 to 4 sentences. You should write a sentence that summarizes the main ideas you mentioned in the body of the essay. The second sentence summarizes your views on the topic given in the paper. The last few sentences can be used to give some interesting ideas about the topic given in the test.
Check the task again
In the last 5 minutes, you should check your article in terms of grammar, vocabulary and spelling to promptly detect and correct errors. Many contestants ignore this skill and make mistakes and lose unfortunate points.
Hopefully this article will help you do the second article in the IELTS writing competition more effectively.