4 years of studying at the University, surely you will have to write a lot of essays, harvests, group exercises … However, to have a complete article and achieve a high score is not easy.
In this article, I would like to share the experiences that I have accumulated over the past 3 years, from the days of copying – pasting online passages into essays, making them through to the teacher, giving It is time to really be enthusiastic, passionate about the subject I choose and get points 9 and 10.
What is an essay? Many students, especially first-year students, when assigned to write essays, do not understand what to write? It is easy to understand, the essay is to report on a subject matter or a practical issue of a certain unit in order to draw conclusions, contribute ideas, propose solutions to implement or improve the problem raised, with a length of no more than 30 pages.
Essays are usually in two forms, either as teachers for individuals, or as a topic for the whole team to do. For individuals, you will be more proactive when implementing the topic of time as well as content, but working as a team, if you know how to combine, will take advantage of each individual’s strength, the job will be easier. can still be highly effective.
I only want to note a small point that if the group is working, the role of the leader is very important. First of all, the group needs to agree to choose 1 leader. He or she does not necessarily have to be the best, but must be responsible for the job and arrange the work and time for the whole group. The leader will divide the work, unify the work schedule of the whole group so that the work can be done on time and effectively.
Whether you are an individual or a group, the steps to conduct an essay are as follows: Select essay topics; Outline; Identify sources of reference materials; Write content; Complete presentation steps and margin steps. Each step, there are some notes as follows:
Select essay topic
This section only works when the teacher allows you to freely choose the topic. At this time, the basis for choosing a topic should often achieve the following conditions:
· The topic must be suitable for the subject or the content given by the teacher: there are many students, when choosing a topic, do not pay attention to whether it is suitable for their subject, not read thoroughly ask the teacher’s request, leading to digression.
· Topics you like and really enjoy doing.
· The topic must be feasible: ie you must have enough knowledge and references to complete it. The topic you like but not enough knowledge that the search for references is not possible, the best, should not be chosen.
Setting up the outline is very important because it determines the layout as well as the direction of the whole article. Therefore, you should make an outline and ask the teacher to help you avoid mistakes.
The outline of a regular essay will consist of three parts:
· The first part (chapter I or section I, depending on how you mark it): Often called the reasoning chapter: give some reasoning or give an overview of the problem you will write. If you intend to give lessons for the problem mentioned in the topic, the most appropriate position is at the end of this section.
· The second part (chapter II or section II): is the status and assessment: presenting the situation of the problem raised in the topic with assessments about that problem.
· Part 3: often write about solutions, recommendations, lessons learned or directions for the coming time. This section is made on the basis of the situation, difficulties and obstacles still encountered by the problem mentioned in chapter 2. In this section, you can propose according to personal view to complete The theoretical side is related to the topic.
Identify sources of references
Depending on the topic of implementation, the main reference sources will be
· Course syllabus and other related subjects
· Reference books with content related to writing topics.
· Research articles, comments on newspapers, magazines, … related to the topic
· Website: this is a very rich source and sometimes a main source of material to support you in the process of writing articles. However, the sources of websites are quite complex and the accuracy is not high.
I have a few small tips when looking for documents on the website as follows:
- Using google search engine: so typing keywords is not too long nor too short to avoid omitting the website without having to filter the website that does not work. You should also diversify the keywords typed into google because sometimes, the problem you are looking for is not found in this keyword but it is in another keyword.
- Advanced search engine in google is also very useful. Depending on the search requirement, you can request different search results like language, keywords, file format, …
· Search on specialized websites related to the topic.
· Prologue: there are many friends who conceive the opening words in an essay like opening a lesson in a Level III essay, in fact not so. The preamble in the essay should not be too short and only include information that is suggestive or polished. In fact, the opening of the essay often has the following contents: the reason for choosing the topic or the urgency of the topic; title, research purpose, research object, research scope, research method, structure of the article.
· The content of the sections: based on the outline made above to write content and presentation clearly and brightly. Before each section (chapter) there should be a guide for readers to understand what they are about to write about, which part will solve the problem.
· Conclusion: many students write very short conclusions with the idea of ”writing to finish” and often provide no information in the conclusion. This concept is very misleading, because most of the lesson and conclusion sections are often read by teachers first to quickly assess the quality of an article. The conclusions should contain the following information: summarize the issues that the article has done, including summarizing the sections mentioned in the whole article, which are written in a brief, concise and contain no extra long lines ( usually numbered 1, 2, 3, …); can mention new contributions of the topic.
· List of references: normally, will be recorded in the following order: Vietnamese first, foreign language later. Each document must include information: author’s name, publication year, document name (books, newspapers, etc.), publisher, place of publication, journal title, magazine number, page…
Complete presentation steps and forms
The complete part of the article should be carefully reviewed and avoided, avoiding presentation errors and misspellings. A few notes you should remember when presenting the essay are:
· Displaying Times New Roman font, size 13-14 is the most reasonable, 1.5 lines away, aligning the sides, A4 paper size. Note, should not be cumbersome, sophisticated, colorful because the essay is a scientific essay, so scientific and true nature is required.
· Large headings should make the font bigger and uniform to look good.
· Header and footer: The header should have the title of the topic, the footer should be page numbered. With essays presented in class, do not leave names, groups written in the header and footer to avoid frills because it is already shown on the essay cover.
· Writing style must be clear, understandable, simple, clear, simple and scientific.
· How to address in essays: should be used as a writer, author, avoid using the throne: me, us, you …
· If there are quotes from other people, remember to guide the specific source to ensure the authenticity of the article.
· Do not forget to use the system of tables, charts, diagrams, images, … to make the article more vivid, clear and coherent. Comments (footnote), header and footer also play an important role in the form and content of the essay, so it should be noted.
· The order of an essay will be: the cover page (printing shops usually have templates available to you), the cover (the cover on A4 white paper), the abbreviation table (if any), the table of contents, the opening statement , content of sections, conclusions, reference lists, appendices (if any).
These are some of the experiences that I personally learned and learned during the essay writing process. Hopefully, it will partly contribute to the learning experience for students of the University.
For many students, essays are like “burdens, extreme” and you are very afraid to write. However, I personally think that writing essays is very useful, not only will help you supplement the subject knowledge, but also help you to train a lot of skills: document search and writing skills lessons, team work, using word, powerpoint … Most importantly, doing essays is also a premise for you to do well on graduation thesis at the end of the course at school.