Reasons for choosing the topic / research direction: this section needs to highlight why it is necessary to carry out the research issue mentioned. New importance / properties / practicality / relevance of research issues include three aspects: academic aspects, practical aspects, and policy / solution / recommendation aspects.
Example1-, this issue has not been implemented yet; It is very helpful in making policies to develop or solve barriers to business detection; Research results will contribute to the theoretical basis, theory, institutional management and community development; The thesis proposes a new analytical framework, to address the practical needs of producers on optimal inputs to achieve maximum profit, in terms of resources and technological level. .
The examples given in this guide are only intended to further clarify the content of each section. It is not meaningful to limit research content and other issues based on the examples given. Supporters base on the topic of their choice to outline the content of the essay intended to study.
Overview of theory, published scientific works related to the topic / research direction of the candidate.
This is a section that demonstrates the applicant’s academic knowledge and ability to study research. There are two main parts that need to be clarified.
• The first is to provide basic economic / governance theories or specialized theories to explain the economic phenomena and governance intended to study. The required level is at least 1-3 theory related to the subject of study. For example: effective theory of wages to explain the problem of determining measures to increase wages for workers; the theory of externalities and public goods to explain the acts of causing environmental pollution of producers and consumers; supply and demand theory to explain the phenomenon of market price declines when the market output increases.
• The second is to summarize domestic and foreign studies related to the topic of research. The required level is the preliminary survey from the most 3-5 domestic / foreign studies in the most recent publication over the last 5 years until the time of the intended study. The main purpose of this overview is to help applicants not to duplicate what others have done; help the general candidate compare the research results, the methods and models that have been applied, limit or propose the research directions drawn from previous studies. Thereby, it helps candidates to propose an approach, research methods that are intended to be implemented, identify research objectives, ways to solve new problems that can contribute to the problem. academic topics or creative solutions to practical issues.
Research questions-Research objectives
The main research question must match the reason / urgency in selecting the topic. At least one research question is required.
Research objectives are the content of the research, need to be in line with the research question, and answer the main research question.
Need to clarify the issue of debate (thesis) or research hypothesis of the topic. At least 2 specific research objectives are required. For example, the objective of the project is to identify factors affecting the demand for lobster items of people in big cities; The main objective of the project is to develop and select models for forecasting gold prices in Vietnam; The project to achieve the goal is to determine the optimal solution for exploiting and using coastal sand hills in Binh Thuan province.
Conflict and study blame
Clearly state the subject of the research. For example, the subject of research is small and medium enterprises; is a joint venture with foreign countries; are farm households or workers themselves; are households who use the internet.
Since the subject, time and location of the study may be very wide, it is necessary to limit the scope of the subject, space and time of study. The scope of space needs to determine the specific area / table of research. The range of time needed to verify the compartment is the duration of the study, or the time period in the primary / secondary data set used for the study. For example: the topic is done for the South Trung coastal region; Southern key economic region; The scope of the study only includes intensive rice farmers in Dong Thap, An Giang and Tien Giang provinces; the topic of analyzing the evolution of poor status of households in the Central Highlands (spatial scope) in the period from 1990 to 2010 (time range).
From the document overview, candidates need to propose preliminary methods of the most basic, the most basic approach, the basic framework of analysis, … to specifically address each of the research objectives given. In particular, it should be stated where the data source comes from? If the data are mainly primary data, it is necessary to outline briefly the methods, samples and enumeration areas.
For example, to identify factors affecting household poverty, the author uses multi-dimensional poverty assessment, logit model and framework for sustainable livelihood analysis.
The data of the project are extracted from the 3 sets of VHLSS data of the General Statistics Office 2006, 2008 and 2010. The main data used for analysis in the project are the data of interviewing households in Tra Vinh province; The project applied stratified sampling method, the objects are pink aquaculture farmers, the total number of samples is 30% of the households belonging to the same thing.
The meaning of the topic
State the meaning of the thesis in terms of theory and practice. For example, the research results of the project will contribute to a theoretical basis of the issue of sustainable livelihoods; solve the problem of waste pollution in Tan Phu district; contribute to solving the strike situation of workers at the company; help local policy makers (provincial level) to know community solutions to adapt to saline intrusion; New and unfinished research methods in Vietnam
- List of references
Fully describe the material read and quote the essay, following the instructions