How to get the best, logical, attractive and eye-catching essays? See the guide for writing essays in this article right away.
The purpose of writing an essay
Not simply exercises in research activities but essays are also exercises on how to communicate. It helps you show what you can do; Do you understand the question; understand related issues; and you read as well as learn quite well about these issues. Essays also allow you to show your ability to think analytically, and force you to follow a deep and effective way of learning.
Because of these factors, essays are considered as a form of assessment in all universities. This form is often integrated into exercises in each stage of a subject as well as in exams. You will be asked to show your ability to learn through this assessment throughout the training program.
Every step is important. Despite this, there are many students because there is no careful preparation for each step of question analysis, action planning and re-editing, perhaps in part because of the limited time spent on assignments. When you pass through, sketchy in analyzing the question in a sketchy way, you can still create an essay with very good writing, but it does not help answer the question or not follow the topic closely. And the consequence is that you will give an essay with a structure that is not “loose”, not convincing. Not only that, this also makes the reader feel uncomfortable in tracking.
Also for an essay, when omitting the spell checker section is to give the article too many spelling mistakes, grammar and punctuation will also fail. At foreign universities, this error is deducted quite a lot of points “holding back”.
Each section, introduction, content and conclusion, has a specific purpose. This means that readers will have to look for the information expected in each section.
A typical essay usually has no headings. Instead, it will include paragraphs, and each paragraph will mean to reinforce the thesis that needs to be clarified. The topic sentence will usually be placed at the beginning of the paragraph.
Currently, lecturers are more flexible in the criteria and requirements set for students and in some cases allow students to use the headings in their essays. These essays are often referred to as ‘report-based essays’. The best way is to talk directly to your instructor about whether they allow the use of headlines if you are not sure about this.
Some students think that using the title helps the essay structure, making it more meaningful. If you agree with this, but the instructor does not allow you to use headings, in this case, when you draft, use the headings, and then turn them into topic sentences in each. the passage before you submit your final essay.
How to write references in the essay
One of the requirements for writing essays is that you need to cite the references you have taken from that content into your essay. This will prevent you from being considered a “plagiarist” in the instructor’s assessment. You must specify references when using other people’s works when you quote (direct quoted). Even when you use your own words to express their ideas (paraphrased).
If you do not understand this, see more regulations, reference requirements with examples in the tutorial on how to write essays on our school’s network.
Many students think that presenting an essay means having to make new headlines, decorate the essay cleverly or use complex fonts. However, this statement is not accurate and the time you spend doing these things will not be added. Not only that, but in some cases it also brought worse results. Essays should be presented clearly, professionally and legibly – This will be the key to helping you achieve a high quality and easy-to-score essay.
Please review the summary of the subject so that when talking with the teacher, you will understand the specific instructions from them. If you do not understand the problem, ask the instructor or ask the person in charge of marking the essay or posting this question on the forum or. What about many other students who are experiencing similar problems? Or perhaps the question you are about to ask has been answered on the class forum. In the absence of specific instructions, the following points will give you a general guide when presenting your essay:
- The essay should be typed
- Align 2.5 cm evenly on both sides or back up another 5 cm on the left cover. The dots need room to write comments.
- Stretching line ½ font size (1/2 spacing) (some lecturers want students to double the line – double spacing)
- Use Times New Roman font 12pt.
- Attach a title page with the name, MSSV, subject code and essay / question of the essay.
- Numbering pages.
- Use the bottom title (footer) or the upper title (heater) to write your name and MSSV on each page.
- Always keep a copy for your essays. Keep both files and printouts.
The most important thing to note is to use spelling and grammar checking tools, but keep in mind that this tool cannot help you avoid all of these errors. You still have to edit the essay carefully and meticulously.
Steps to write an essay
The good news is that there are some questions that themselves indicate the structure and content of an essay. It is often a long question, so don’t be discouraged if “unfortunately” you encounter a long question.
Conversely, some other questions require you to analyze the previous question to determine the level of analysis needed and the required direction. When you meet this question, find out the keywords in the question that will help you answer well.
- Find content words to help show what you need to study; means that you will be expected to write about something. Notice the words that indicate:
- General topic – General topic (usually shows you a prime opening sentence for the introduction)
- The focus of the question – focus of the question (which the instructor wants you to answer specifically)
- Pay attention to words that are only instructive or point out what to do. From there, you will know how to handle the question.
The task words are very important because they determine the level of analysis or thought required. At the basic level, the words that indicate the tasks that need to be done such as comparing, collating, analyzing and evaluating are quite common and require you to present what you think about the research, not just describe it. what you find Words like explanations, descriptions and summaries often come with short questions. More popular at this level is the presentation of your views. In other words, you will have to make arguments, make your views with reasonable arguments and convincing discussion.
You can find an extensive list below that includes words that show the meaning of these words and what are the tasks to do?
- Finally, take note of any limits that will help you read just enough with the time and number of words allowed. For example, the question may require you to limit your response to the phrase “Australian context”, “rural crime” or “post 1900 events.”
After you have understood the question and analyzed it in detail, start planning by recording the ideas you have. Analyzing concepts will become easier when you brainstorm. A plan outline will assist you in reading and recording important points. Note, you still need to study more specific questions before you can go into deeper analysis.
You should read lots of documents related to your question. Some summary of the course will tell you what to read and how much to read. The reading requirement is also different for different subjects and subjects. Some topics may require analysis of some articles that have been read very specifically, but rarely require you to read only one or two books on a particular topic. Principles for subjects in the first year, in the first semester are listed at least five references in the essay. Another rule is to select the references published in the last 5 to 10 years. Some essays require the use of various sources of reference, such as scientific articles, books, news, or websites. Another rule for you is to start with reading books that help you get the previous overview, then read to more specific sections.
At first you may find that finding documents in the library or some other source is quite exhausting and takes a lot of time. Often libraries will provide some guidance to help you. So contact a librarian and ask for advice. Do not waste time struggling with it and end up getting nowhere.
After you have found the information you need, your next task is to make a detailed note of the important information. Do not copy all the necessary parts, instead write in your own understanding, your own words, and remember to always record the reference material with the page number. You will need this information if you decide to use it in your essay.
There are many friends who have difficulty in this step because there are so many notes that make them easily discouraged and confused. If you are among them, start planning now and move on to the next step. When you have something on paper you will feel you have control of the work, can see the progress in your efforts.
Now you are ready to plan your essay. If you already have a draft plan, review and add new points or remove what you have found or mean inappropriate.
However, planning does not mean collecting information randomly to support your arguments. Planning involves grouping or categorizing information into a series of perspectives and defining a real scientific sequence to present your views. You aim to build a scientific essay structure that is seamless and clear. The following steps will help you do that:
- Identify the main idea: Did you start researching with a main idea? Is that main idea now changed when you delve deeper? Or are you looking for a mainstream perspective to study? What is your main thesis or point of view? If you don’t have a point of view before starting to study the material, try to have it to help you answer the question. Remember, the main idea will help you structure your article.
- Decide what points you need to support your point of view or main idea.
- Check to make sure this is a group of scientific ideas or points of view.
- Determine the order of presentation. The presentation order can be determined by the importance, time, question, geographical or personal priority, but you should follow the order you specified in your introduction. .
- Record points contrary to your point of view.
- Please remove any points that you think are inappropriate.
Start writing essays
- Refer to the essay structure section
- Follow your plan
- Use headings if you find it useful. Occasionally turning a section into a essay question can help you keep your views. Put these questions in your official essay if the teacher asks for a traditional form of essay writing.
- Pay attention when you change the terms used in the question. For example, if in the question the teacher asks to write about “success” and you replace this phrase with “achievement” then the meaning may be different.
- Remember to pay attention to the topic sentences. Make the reader understand the point you give in each paragraph and why. You know what you write, but do you tell it to readers?
- Clarify the relationship of the views you are presenting to your question / dissertation.
- Do not use vocative ways in the first person, for example “I think”, “I believe”, “in my opinion” unless you are allowed or required to do so.
- Do not use common phrases, informal languages or clichés, for example: Mr. A is the pioneer of culture.
- Use complete sentences to express your ideas.
- Always specify the source of the quote even if you only quote other people’s ideas by rewriting or quoting directly from their work.
- Remember that this is only a draft. Please come back again and correct your minor bugs.
This is the last step in the process of writing an essay and is an important step. If you don’t edit it well, your score may be affected even if you work very hard. Remember, presenting in a professional, clear and understandable way of writing essays is the key to success. Give yourself time to complete this step. It means a difference between passing and passing scores and high passing and passing scores.
McLaren (1997) mentioned two editing steps: General editing and detailed editing. Detailed editing related to the inspection:
- Spelling, grammar and punctuation. Always use a grammar and spelling checker, but keep in mind that this tool may not help you find all the errors.
- Quote the right and consistent references. Citing heterogeneous references may make the reader think that you were not careful in the presentation. The overall editorial refers to examining the whole essay. Please check the consistency and logic. In other words, does your article mean? Does the reader find it easy to read?
Leave your essay aside for a day or two before you edit it. Otherwise you will tend to read what you expect more than what you wrote. Usually the best way to edit your work is to read it out loud or read it to someone. Put your article for someone to read.
Finally, refer to the marking criteria in the subject summary and assessment summary. Refer to the general guidelines on the topic “Presenting your essay” on the website that guides academic skills if you are still unsure about how to present your essay. At least you will know which questions need to be clarified by your teacher.
The basic structure of an essay
The Introduction (Introduction) section of the essay is an important part. It is the first part that readers will read. The introduction should:
- Lead the reader to the general topic
- Identify the focus or purpose of the essay.
- Summary of scope, that is, the points to be exploited, be aware of any limits
- Finish by identifying the main idea / main point
Introduction / opening is usually a paragraph, although not always, especially with long essays. Some students also identify key terms in the introduction. Some other friends signal to readers about the ‘scope’ that these terms will be identified in the essay. If this is the case, do this in the first paragraph of the body / content section. The decision to identify these key terms is probably guided by the length of the discussion of the definition. A simple definition can be included in the introduction. A longer definition can distract readers and should be included in the first paragraph of the essay / body of the essay.
Requirements 1 and 2 are defined in the essay question.
Request 3 is guided by your questions, studies and topics. Requirement 4 is very important. It identifies what you have learned, your arguments and your views.
The main idea / common point will be the guideline for your essay. The main idea / common point is: The idea of the thesis / thesis is a line of thesis, or your argument. You can agree, disagree or can make your argument of some quality so that it demonstrates part of the question.
Body / Content
The content of the essay is where you will develop your article. This section takes place within several paragraphs and each paragraph has a smooth link to the next paragraph. So
- Good use of topic sentences at the beginning of the paragraphs
- Correct paragraph structure is important
The first sentence of each paragraph, often referred to as the topic sentence, introduces the passage by pointing out and summarizing the main points in the paragraph. Topic sentences often include paragraph transitions to help create a smooth transition from one paragraph to the next. This first sentence should convey to the reader what point you are trying to clarify and how this paragraph relates to the question.
In fact, if the reader skips the topic sentences, they should know an overall outline of the whole essay. This sketch will show the logical progression of the points you are working on. The absence of thematic questions will make the reader wonder what you are trying to say and why it is, eventually causing the reader to feel confused.
Marking directions is not limited to topic sentences. Setting landmarks in each paragraph will also help support the reader. The following example will illustrate the usefulness of these directions tools (bold section)
The conclusion is an important piece in your essay. It is often a long paragraph and should reflect on what you said will be analyzed in the introduction. Conclude
- Summarize what you said in the essay
- Confirm your main idea.
Don’t introduce new topics or ideas. Most students begin conclusions with a transitional signal, such as “Concluding” or “In short”.